Friday, September 1, 2017

for the working class-- not special interests...


For the Working Class-- Not Special Interests

Join 266 here on Facebook already endorsing Joel's campaign for state Senate:
https://www.facebook.com/Joel-Tyner-for-State-Senate-for-Dutchess-and-Putnam-Counties-41st-SD-1472098942888371/

Joel is currently in his eighth straight term representing Rhinebeck and Clinton in the Dutchess County Legislature-- this is just a partial list of some of the things Joel has accomplished during his 15 years in the Dutchess County Legislature representing Rhinebeck and Clinton (full list below):

Spearheading creation of Crisis Stabilization Center, county lawsuit vs. opioid manufacturers, getting bus service restored in Poughkeepsie, launching effort in Clinton/Milan/Pleasant Valley in 2013 to stop Central Hudson/National Grid drive to use eminent domain to take homeowners' private property (NYSPSC forced to back off and halt proceeding), getting monthly Co. Leg. meeting times changed from 4 pm to 7 pm, getting county historian restored to county budget, new Dutchess County small business registry, new county online budget survey, getting hybrids introduced into county vehicle fleet, stopping St. Lawrence Cement's pollution from coming anywhere near Dutchess, getting county to divest $100 million in official bank accounts from Bank of America and Wells Fargo, spearheading drive for Rhinebeck to join Greenway Compact (so then Joel could secure $285,000 in county funding for the Thompson-Mazzarella Park property-- 86 acres of the Rhineson tract).....yes believe it or not Joel really, truly, actually was integral to all of that happening-- all those things actually happened-- results-- achievements-- that's why Joel's been elected 8 times in a row to County Legislature.

Joel's Goals-- for the Working Class-- Not Special Interests:

$15/hr. for Dutchess County Workers by 2022 (as in Westchester/Long Island/NYC)
https://www.facebook.com/Dutchess-15Hr-by-2022-Like-WestchesterLong-IslandNYC-398986837216577/

Single-Payer Healthcare for All: Save $45 Billion a Year-- No Co-Pays
http://www.NYHCampaign.org ; http://www.SinglePayerNewYork.org

Eliminate School Property Taxes: Fund Schools Through Income Taxes Instead
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2015/04/re-school-property-taxes-time-to.html

Make Billionaires and Millionaires Pay Their Fair Share of Taxes Again
http://www.FiscalPolicy.org ; https://itep.org/whopays/new-york/
http://fiscalpolicy.org/the-path-not-taken-how-new-york-state-increased-the-tax-burden-on-the-middle-class-and-cut-taxes-for-its-highest-income-taxpayers-by-over-8-billion-a-year

Fully Fund Schools, Pre-K, Child Care, Summer Jobs for All Youth
http://www.AQENY.org https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/12/26/chicago-gave-hundreds-of-high-risk-kids-a-summer-job-violent-crime-arrests-plummeted/?utm_term=.0f476a47f0d8

Codify Roe v. Wade into Law-- Free Contraception for All (as in Colorado)
https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/cfpi-report
https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-proposes-constitutional-amendment-codifying-roe-v-wade-new-york-state

Enact Iceland-Style Pay-Equity Legislation Here in NYS: Put Burden of Proof on Companies Not Women
https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/03/575403863/companies-in-iceland-now-required-to-demonstrate-they-pay-men-women-fairly

Full Health Insurance for Lyme/Tick Disease (as in MA/CT/RI/MN): http://www.UnderOurSkin.com
https://www.facebook.com/NYS-LymeTick-Disease-Sufferers-vs-HMOs-Our-Stories-396738420508960/

Fossil-Fuel-Free Jobs Explosion: 2013 Cornell/Stanford Report Proves Possible: http://www.GELFNY.org
https://web.stanford.edu/group/efmh/jacobson/Articles/I/NewYorkWWSEnPolicy.pdf

Protect Local Air Quality, Cut Carbon Emissions-- Stop Unneeded Cricket Valley Pollution
http://www.TinyUrl.com/StopCricketValley ; http://ny.mothersoutfront.org/Hudson_Valley ; http://www.DCPAA.org

Public Bank: Lower Interest Rates for Consumers, Homeowners, Businesses (as in ND)
http://www.publicbankinginstitute.org

Start New Land Bank to Buy, Renovate, and Sell Distressed Properties, Save Neighborhoods (as in Albany)
http://www.AlbanyCountyLandBank.org

Heavily Promote Local Currency to Revitalize Local Economy in Dutchess and Putnam Counties
http://www.HudsonValleyCurrent.org ; http://www.TimeBanks.org

New FDR-Style Public Works Infrastructure Jobs-- New Civilian Conservation Corps
https://www.thenation.com/article/the-us-needs-a-new-civilian-conservation-corps/

Help and Protect Local Small Businesses: Limit Commercial Rent Spikes; New Long-Term Lease Options
http://takebacknyc.nyc/sbjsa/ ; https://www.change.org/p/support-the-small-business-jobs-survival-act-sbjsa

Facilitate New Worker-Owned Cooperatives Market-Driven Community Corporation (as in Rochester)
http://www.Rochester.coop ; http://www.EvergreenCooperatives.com

Locally Owned Import Substitution: Shift Spending from Chain Stores to Independent Businesses
http://www.MichaelHShuman.com ; http://www.NewEconomy.net
http://www.rethinklocal.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Final-Report.pdf

Enace Municipal Broadband as 500 Communities Across the U.S. Have Already Done
http://www.MuniNetworks.org

Publicly Fund Elections-- Allow Ordinary People to Run (as in CT/MA/VT/NJ/ME/HA/MI/AZ/FL/MD/WV)
http://www.demos.org/publication/public-funding-electoral-campaigns-how-27-states-counties-and-municipalities-empower-sma

Ban Pay-to-Play in our State and County Government (as in NYC/Rockland/Orange counties)
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2017/10/fact-61-million-not-just-56-million-in.html
https://www.wileyrein.com/newsroom-newsletters-item-2565.html

Early Voting, Automatic Voter Registration, Instant Runoff Voting to Unite the Left vs. Right
https://letnyvote.org ; http://www.fairvote.org

Legalize, Tax and Regulate Marijuana (as in MA/VT/ME/CO/AK/WA/OR/CA/NV): http://www.NORML.org 
https://www.facebook.com/Decriminalize-Marijuana-in-Dutchess-County-285331068607575/

Treatment Not Incarceration for Drug Addicts: http://www.PAARIUSA.org 
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2018/01/see-httpwwwpaariusaorg-amazing-program.html
https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/04/18/524380027/in-portugal-drug-use-is-treated-as-a-medical-issue-not-a-crime

End Racism in Criminal Justice System-- Bail Reform, Parole Reform: http://www.Vera.org
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2018/01/dutchess-county-is-being-sued-re-bail.html
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2017/08/dutchess-crime-rate-down-30-over-last-5.html

Make New-Economy Innovation Reality in Dutchess and Putnam Counties: http://www.ILSR.org
http://www.TinyUrl.com/NewEconomyDutchess ; http://www.DemocracyCollaborative.org

=====

Joel successfully launched drive for Crisis Stabilization Center that has garnered County Executive Molinaro national media attentioon-- especially in Joel's strong November 2014 push for this during County Legislature Budget, Finance, and Personnel Committee meeting. Joel asked then-DCDMH Commissioner Margaret Hirst directly during the meeting if there was any funding allocated for this purpose in the proposed 2015 Dutchess County Budget; the response was no. Joel then circulated a letter for this in January 2015 at the first County Legislature meeting that year (this garnered significant support in the Democratic Caucus); even Poughkeepsie Journal reporter John Ferro recognized at Molinaro's February 2015 State of the County Address at CIA that this was a Tyner initiative (after Dutchess County Criminal Justice Council had recommended this in its 2012 Needs Assessment Report).
http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/story/news/local/2015/02/25/dutchess-county-state-address/24022065/
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2015/01/five-co-leg-dems-sign-my-letter-to.html

Joel for decades now has released annual reports documenting massive corrupt pay-to-play conflicts of interest in our county government-- his last report this summer noted that literally $56 million of our county tax dollars has been allocated over the last six years to the same 23 companies who have given Molinaro and the Dutchess County Republican Committee over $150,000 (and 8 of those firms aren't even from Duchess County-- those 8 companies got $20 million worth of county contracts over the last 6 years and gave Molinaro/GOP $25,000).
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2017/08/molinaro-pay-to-play-56-million-in.html

Joel launched effort for Dutchess County to sue opioid manufacturers by getting bipartisan support at Mar. 16th full-board County Legislature meeting this year on this (then June 7th front-page Poughkeepsie Journal article).
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2017/06/proof-here-my-initiative-for-dutchess.html

Joel launched effort to restore $100,000 in funding for senior nutrition last December for the 2017 Dutchess County Budget-- through last seven years of advocacy to restore county funding for senior nutrition programs (and five-day week for county Office for the Aging Senior Friendship Centers).
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/midhudsonprogressivealliance/taVunU-3dmc

Joel launched effort for Dutchess County to have vehicle charging stations in 2009; finally this August it was announced our county will have four (still less than half of what Ulster County installed long ago).
http://conta.cc/2gmPfto

Joel launched effort for Dutchess County Legislature to pass sales tax exemption on residential installation of solar panels this August (something he had first introduced many years ago).
https://midhudsonnews.com/News/2017/August/15/DC_solar_salestax_exempt-15Aug17.html
https://www.change.org/p/rhinebeck-business-and-government-leaders-solarize-geothermalize-rhinebeck-s-village-business-center-parking-lots-help-shade-cars

Joel was the only elected official at massive rally of hundreds this summer to stop toxic/polluting/carcinogenic 650-megawatt frack-gas CPV plant in Wawayanda, Orange County from becoming operational-- and got four of his County Legislature colleagues (Francena Amparo, Hannah Black, Kari Rieser, and Craig Brendli) to sign his letter July 14th to stop both CPV and the 1100-megawatt frack-gas Cricket Valley power plant in Dover from firing up; the NYS Department of Conservation just decided to deny CPV the water permits it needed.
http://www.tinyurl.com/stopcricketvalley ; http://conta.cc/2vvp0YA
http://conta.cc/2vvp0YA

Joel for decades has also been right in the thick of the fight/efforts to successfully ban fracking, close Indian Point, get GMO foods properly labelled, get GE to dredge their PCB's out of our river, and stop St. Lawrence Cement's plans to expand their operations close to Dutchess County's borders by six million pounds more pollution for one new net job.
http://www.dailyfreeman.com/article/DF/20130118/NEWS/301189955
https://www.nrc.gov/docs/ML1226/ML12261A009.pdf
https://www.facebook.com/events/613296478800885/
http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/story/tech/science/environment/2014/11/11/pcb-dredging-forum-marist/18893127/
http://www.dailyfreeman.com/article/DF/20050421/NEWS/304219994

Joel's strong advocacy for the law to be followed re: illegal county takeover of city bus system led to unanimous passage this July of a new Dutchess County Special Needs Transportation Task Force in our County Legislature.
http://www.dutchessny.gov/ConCalAtt/2/2017138.pdf
http://conta.cc/2ghFyML

Joel's county budget amendments (stolen by Borchert/Miccio/GOP and not allowed to be re-introduced by Joel) passed last December 8th at a full-board meeting of our County Legislature-- to add $5000 more for our county's Human Rights Commission, $5000 more for a pesticide information effort, and $5000 more for a groundwater contamination public education campaign; Borcert blatantly lied in PoJo column.
http://www.totalwebcasting.com/view/?id=dutchess
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2017/06/proof-here-my-county-budget-amendments.html
http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/story/opinion/valley-views/2016/12/19/legislature-makes-modest-changes-sound-budget-plan/95533440/

Joel originally proposed in 2006 that Dutchess County have a Small Business Registry to help make sure that as many local businesses here get county contracts (he was borrowing this idea from Rockland County)-- it literally took about a decade for Molinaro/GOP in charge of our county government to bring this to reality here for Dutchess (imagine how many jobs could have been created locally if it passed in 2006).
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2015/08/lol-9-years-ago-i-proposed-small.html
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/CountyGov/Departments/CountyExecutive/27846.htm

Joel started hosting well-attended weekly public forums in Sept. 2013 towards the goal of stopping Central Hudson/National Grid/NYTO proposed/unneeded AC transmission/power line "upgrade" threatening to use eminent domain to take property from local landowers and destroy viewshed; the efforts Joel launched (he was the first one to hold public meetings on this issue) morphed into No Monster Power Lines and the Hudson Valley Smart Energy Coalitition-- convincing the NYS Public Service Commission to, for first time in history, reverse course and temporarily halt proceeding.
http://www.dailyfreeman.com/general-news/20131116/proposed-power-line-through-mid-hudson-region-stirs-concerns

Joel for the last few years now has organized (with Kathleen Everett) bimonthly Repair Cafes at the Rhinebeck Town Hall for folks here in northern Dutchess (and the Hudson Valley)-- where local residents can get fixed/mended for free clothing, lamps, vacuum cleaners, computers, furniture, bikes, electrical appliances, jewelry-- even welding-- his next one is Oct. 14th noon to 4 pm at Rhinebeck Town Hall at 80 East Market Street there.
http://www.RepairCafeHV.org

Joel helped expedite literally hundreds of thousands of county tax dollars to the Town of Rhinebeck in open space grant(s) for the Thompson-Mazzarella Park.
https://www.facebook.com/events/1090346337659451
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/CMSPrint/10174.htm
http://rhinebeck-ny.gov/town-board/meeting-minutes/town-board-meeting-minutes-49
http://rhinebeck-ny.gov/town-board/meeting-minutes/town-board-meeting-minutes-47

Joel was told back in the summer of 2003 by Rhinebeck Democratic Committee Chair Warren Smith to turn his race against then-incumbent County Legislator Ed Haas into a referendum about the Greenway Compact-- because Haas at that point was leading the charge against the Greenway Compact and had unfortunately convinced the GOP then in control of the Rhinebeck Town Board to not join it-- even though many other Republican-controlled towns and villages across Dutchess County had joined the Greenway Compact.
http://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2009/10/rhinebeckclinton-results-ignored-by.html

Joel knew then (County Executive Steinhaus had repeatedly and publicly made it clear) that the Town of Rhinebeck would not get one penny of any open space funding from "his" county Planning Department-- unless it joined the Greenway Compact.

Joel saw that many in Rhinebeck at that point (in 2003) had given up hope of the Town ever joining the Greenway Compact-- it was left to Joel, frankly, to openly and publicly question, prod, push, and challenge then-Town Supervisor Dennis McGuire at Town Board meetings on issue of the Greenway Compact.

Joel worked hard with the late great John Honey in the fall of 2003 to get the truth out about the Greenway Compact's benefits-- Haas sent last-minute mailing out all over Rhinebeck and Clinton bashing and lying about the Greenway Compact; John Honey supplied quote to Joel on this for his rebuttal mailing that year.

Joel won election in Nov. 2003 over Ed Haas; even Daily Freeman noted Greenway Compact issue.
http://www.dailyfreeman.com/articles/2003/11/07/regional%20news/10476492.txt 

Joel several years ago moved to amend the county budget to add Town of Clinton to service area for our county's Office for the Aging for home-delivered meals; because of that, Clinton was added to service area.

Joel's resolution for solar panels on Dutchess County buildings passed unanimously at the Apr. 2013 full board meeting of our County Legislature.
http://www.dailyfreeman.com/articles/2013/04/06/news/doc5160690916628154246984.txt
http://www.midhudsonnews.com/News/2013/April/05/DC_Solar-05Apr13.htm
http://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2013/05/molinaro-no-to-solar-even-tho-co-leg.html
http://www.timesunion.com/local/article/Saving-with-solar-power-2282815.php

Joel's resolution for a Solarize discount program for local homeowners passed unanimously in June 2013 (similar to what was already in place in Madison County).
http://www.midhudsonnews.com/News/2013/June/10/DCL_solar-10Jun13.html
http://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2013/05/gop-lies-keeping-solarizedutchesscom.html http://www.SolarizeNewYork.org
http://www.SolarizeMadison.com

Joel began pushing in 2004 for a county historian to be appointed; finally this happened in 2006.
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/countygov/departments/countyexecutive/10851.htm

Joel began advocating for an interactive online county budget survey in 2009; three years later in 2012 Dutchess County actually began doing this.
http://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2009/07/re-county-budget-surveymonkeycom.html
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/CountyGov/Departments/Budget/21603.htm

Joel pushed for several years for this-- then successfully convinced the Dutchess County Association of Supervisors and Mayors to unanimously pass a resolution in December 2011 at their monthly meeting at Copperfield's in Millbrook in support of Joel's idea for Dutchess County to save millions annually for local towns, cities, and villages with an optional county municipal health insurance consortium as in Tompkins County. 
http://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2011/10/proven-way-to-save-millions-without.html
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/CMSPrint/22025.htm

Joel convinced our county's then-Planning Commissioner Roger Akeley in 2009 to support concept of Independent Dutchess Energy Alliance-- to create green jobs with energy-efficiency retrofits and literally save a billion dollars on electric bills for county residents in next 10 years; Joel's resolution to create an Independent Dutchess Energy Alliance passed.
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2009/03/our-bright-idea-growin-brighter-and.html

Joel successfully led effort in December 2004 to end waiting list for senior home care in the county.
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/CountyGov/Departments/Aging/Srservdirectory.pdf

Joel led effort (with Carola Madrid) in 2004 to make sure homeless veterans no longer turned away from shelter in county (in December that year County Executive Steinhaus ended up announcing $100,000 extra in funding for Hudson River Housing earmarked for cause of expanding overnight homeless shelter beds from 12 to 60).
http://www.HudsonRiverHousing.org/

Joel led effort in 2008 to restore $1.5 million in cuts proposed by the County Executive to the Astor Home for Children for zero-to-five early childhood programming, Grace Smith House, Family Services, Cornell Cooperative Extension, Dutchess County Community Action Agency, Dutchess County Arts Council-- and stopped County Exec's proposal to eliminate our county's Human Rights Commission-- while cutting County Exec's proposed 2009 budget by $5 million-- holding RRA accountable as well.

Joel convinced our county's Department of Health in 2004 to stop forcing our frail elderly addicted to smoking for decades to smoke outside in inclement weather at Ferncliff Nursing Home.

Joel exposed serious groundwater contamination at Rhinebeck 9/9G Getty station in June 2004-- 55 parts per billion six months after MTBE had been banned from being put into gasoline (note-- typically the DEC provides water filters to homeowners whose water tests at anything over five parts per billion); also re: serious groundwater contamination in the Town of Clinton-- Ruskey Lane, Fiddlers Bridge Rd., Centre Rd. [223 spills in Rhinebeck alone from MTBE, petroleum, oxygenates, and hazardous materials; 20 in Clinton-- according to Albany Times-Union "Hidden Poison" report]. Six out of 36 private wells tested a few years ago here in Clinton were found to be contaminated(!). Groundwater contamination from MTBE here in Clinton on Ruskey Lane, Fiddlers Bridge Road, Centre Road has been an ongoing issue off and on for several years at Clinton Town Board meetings. 400+ spills were recently found that have not yet been cleaned up to the DEC's own standards in Dutchess (statement from Walter Hang of Toxics Targeting.com-- confirmed and verified by local DEC; see Joel's FOIA'd info:
http://www.RealMajorityProject.blogspot.com/ ;
http://www.ToxicsTargeting.com/ ).

Joel exposed in 1999 column he wrote for the Taconic Papers about $53 million being flushed down the drain by our county's Resource Recovery Agency by refinancing our county incinerator through First Albany Bank without going through proper Request for Proposal bidding-out process [finally reported on: "No-Bid Deals Might Add to Agency's Financial Trouble":
http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/article/20090712/NEWS01/109020009 ].

Joel also successfully spearheaded through passage in our entire County Legislature of all twenty of these resolutions as well as Environmental Committee Chair in 2008 and 2009:

-- for Dutchess County to be a Climate Smart Community 
https://conta.cc/2GA4ZWm

-- for Independent Dutchess Energy Alliance: $1 billion in savings on electric bills over ten years, based on successful green jobs/retrofits example of Cambridge, MA.
http://www.CambridgeEnergyAlliance.org/ 
http://www.LIGreenHomes.com/ 
http://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2009/03/our-bright-idea-growin-brighter-and.html 

-- for Dutchess to save literally hundreds of thousands of dollars annually on power costs w/Municipal Electricity Gas Alliance (like Putnam, Ulster, Sullivan, and twenty other counties).  
http://www.MEGAEnergy.org

-- for saving 30% on lighting bills in county bldg.'s switching fixtures from T-12's to T-8's/metal halides.
http://ezinearticles.com/?How-to-Replace-T8-Or-T12-Lights-With-New-Energy-Efficient-T5-Lighting&id=2117699

-- for Dutchess to keep using lever voting machines and state/federal gov.'t to make sure we can too.
http://www.ETCNYS.org/ ; http://nylevers.wordpress.com/ 

-- for zero-waste approach to resource recovery in our county: save money, create clean green jobs.
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2009/07/follow-up-zero-waste-forum-wshabazz.html
https://dutchessdemocracy.blogspot.com/2009/07/re-zero-waste-for-dutchess-missed.html

-- for cost-saving green roofs, rain gardens, wind turbines,
composting toilets to be on county property.
http://www.GreenRoofs.com/ ; http://www.RainGardens.org/ ;
http://bianys.com/node/418 ; http://www.petitiononline.com/goldpoop ;
http://www.CompostingToilets.org/ 

-- for solar panels on County Office Building/22 Market
St./Poughkeepsie (then all county buildings).
http://www.osc.state.ny.us/press/releases/mar08/030608.htm ;
http://www.HVCE.com/ 

-- for new SuperLOOPer discount card at local stores and restaurants for frequent users of LOOP bus.
http://content.usatoday.com/topics/article/Tom+Malone/01Ur0if9hQ8Ic/1 

-- for Dutchess to hold Home Heating Summit re: home heating oil
crisis (as in Ulster, Orange co.'s).
http://www.midhudsonnews.com/News/September08/10/DC_hm_heat-10Sep08.html 

-- for Dutchess ESAN "Recommendations forStream/Flood Management in Dutchess" to be followed.
http://www.dutchessemc.org/ESANRecomendations.pdf 

-- for Green Map added to county website: list farmer's
markets/green resources (as in Westchester).
http://greenmap.westchestergov.com/ ; http://www.GreenMap.org/ 

-- for bike rental program in Dutchess at no cost to taxpayers (as is already in Washington, D.C.).
http://www.SmartBikeDC.co

-- for Dutchess County to be part of Hudson Valley Community Preservation Act to save open space.
http://assembly.state.ny.us/mem/?ad=101&sh=story&story=23825 

-- for cost-saving "Green House Project" nursing home in county-- proven to make seniors happier.
http://www.TheGreenHouseProject.org

-- for particulate matter air pollution to be measured in Dutchess County as it was until 2002.
http://www.ALANY.org/ 

-- for greatly expanding current circuitbreaker for school property taxes (bipartisan Little/Galef bill).

-- for real relief for Dutchess Co. property taxpayers-- Omnibus Property Tax Relief and Reform Act.
http://www.OmnibusTaxSolution.org

-- for ending secret market manipulations on Wall Street causing higher gas/home heating oil prices.
http://www.StopOilSpeculators.com

-- for wetlands (even small ones) in county to be saved from being paved over by developers.
http://www.eany.org/capitolwatch/memos%202009/21_WetlandsProtection.pdf 

-- for Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies recommend.'s air pollution/quality standards to be followed.
http://www.ecostudies.org/threats_from_above.html